Trojan particles: Large porous carriers of nanoparticles for drug delivery


Tsapis, N. ; Bennett, D. ; Jackson, B. ; Weitz, D. A. ; Edwards, D. A. Trojan particles: Large porous carriers of nanoparticles for drug delivery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2002, 99, 12001-12005. Copy at
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We have combined the. drug release and delivery potential of nanoparticle (NP) systems with the ease of flow, processing, and aerosolization potential of large porous particle (LPP) systems by spray drying solutions of polymeric and nonpolymeric NPs into extremely thin-walled macroscale structures. These hybrid LPPs exhibit much better flow and aerosolization properties than the NPs; yet, unlike the LPPs, which dissolve in physiological conditions to produce molecular constituents, the hybrid LPPs dissolve to produce NPs, with the drug release and delivery advantages associated with NP delivery systems. Formation of the large porous NP (LPNP) aggregates occurs via a spray-drying process that ensures the drying time of the sprayed droplet is sufficiently shorter than the characteristic time for redistribution of NPs by diffusion within the drying droplet, implying a local Peclet number much greater than unity. Additional control over LPNPs physical characteristics is achieved by adding other components to the spray-dried solutions, including sugars, lipids, polymers, and proteins. The ability to produce LPNPs appears to be largely independent of molecular component type as well as the size or chemical nature of the NPs.


Times Cited: 216

Last updated on 03/20/2014