Microwave dielectric heating of non-aqueous droplets in a microfluidic device for nanoparticle synthesis

Citation:

Koziej, D. ; Floryan, C. ; Sperling, R. A. ; Ehrlicher, A. J. ; Issadore, D. ; Westervelt, R. ; Weitz, D. A. Microwave dielectric heating of non-aqueous droplets in a microfluidic device for nanoparticle synthesis. Nanoscale 2013, 5 5468-5475. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/kbzasss
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Abstract:

We describe a microfluidic device with an integrated microwave heater specifically designed to dielectrically heat non-aqueous droplets using time-varying electrical fields with the frequency range between 700 and 900 MHz. The precise control of frequency, power, temperature and duration of the applied field opens up new vistas for experiments not attainable by conventional microwave heating. We use a non-contact temperature measurement system based on fluorescence to directly determine the temperature inside a single droplet. The maximum temperature achieved of the droplets is 50 degrees C in 15 ms which represents an increase of about 25 degrees C above the base temperature of the continuous phase. In addition we use an infrared camera to monitor the thermal characteristics of the device allowing us to ensure that heating is exclusively due to the dielectric heating and not due to other effects like non-dielectric losses due to electrode or contact imperfection. This is crucial for illustrating the potential of dielectric heating of benzyl alcohol droplets for the synthesis of metal oxides. We demonstrate the utility of this technology for metal oxide nanoparticle synthesis, achieving crystallization of tungsten oxide nanoparticles and remarkable microstructure, with a reaction time of 64 ms, a substantial improvement over conventional heating methods.

Last updated on 08/08/2014