A high-throughput multiparameter screen for accelerated development and optimization of soluble genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors

Citation:

Koveal, D. ; Rosen, P. C. ; Meyer, D. J. ; Diaz-Garcia, C. M. ; Wang, Y. ; Cai, L. - H. ; Chou, P. J. ; Weitz, D. A. ; Yellen, G. A high-throughput multiparameter screen for accelerated development and optimization of soluble genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors. Nature Communications 2022, 13, 2919. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/2cmjpgvy
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Abstract:

Genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors are powerful tools used to track chemical processes in intact biological systems. However, the development and optimization of biosensors remains a challenging and labor-intensive process, primarily due to technical limitations of methods for screening candidate biosensors. Here we describe a screening modality that combines droplet microfluidics and automated fluorescence imaging to provide an order of magnitude increase in screening throughput. Moreover, unlike current techniques that are limited to screening for a single biosensor feature at a time (e.g. brightness), our method enables evaluation of multiple features (e.g. contrast, affinity, specificity) in parallel. Because biosensor features can covary, this capability is essential for rapid optimization. We use this system to generate a high-performance biosensor for lactate that can be used to quantify intracellular lactate concentrations. This biosensor, named LiLac, constitutes a significant advance in metabolite sensing and demonstrates the power of our screening approach.

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